All models made during WW2. The post-war logo has the “G” and the “N” with a tail that drops below the other letters. Dot on “i” connected to “G”: Dot on “i” free from “G”: Gibson always used nitrocellulose lacquer for all instruments from to present. Some other special order custom colors were available.

What Year and Type Stanley Bailey Hand Planes: Types 13 and 14

As the name suggests, these are your everyday nails. Used for rough construction work, the common nail can be purchased in lengths varying from one to six inches 2d to 60d. The largest common nails are colloquially known as spikes.

Shop wood screws in the screws section of Find quality wood screws online or in store.

Dovetails – A Clue for Dating Antiques by Ken Melchert Dovetail joints often hold two boards together in a box or drawer, almost like interlocking the fingertips of your hands. As the dovetail joint evolved through the last one hundred thirty years, it becomes a clue for the age and authenticity of antique furniture. The type of dovetailed joint, especially in drawers, reveals much about furniture construction and dating. With just a little study of these examples, it is easy to spot true hand made construction vs.

The earliest examples are from furniture placed with mummies in Egypt thousands of years ago, and also in the burials of ancient Chinese emperors. For thousands of years, a dovetail joint was created by a skilled cabinetmaker using small, precision saws and wood chisels. Tiny angled saw cuts were followed by careful cutting by a sharpened chisel on both sides to avoid splintering. When the joint is expertly executed, it is a thing of beauty, and a secure joining of two boards that can last for centuries.

A little glue cements the connection, and a good dovetail joint has great strength and durability. This secretary desk from about was built by a good country carpenter, notice the dovetails on the side of the drawer, and holding the top and side planks together as well. Hand cut dovetails were used to hold the sides of drawers together, but also to join the structural members of case furniture.

Hand made screws and nails were relatively expensive and could rust and expand, sometimes cracking the wood they secured. Glues of the period sometimes weakened.

Wood Screws

Photo courtesy of Kimberly Ludy Photo By: Photo courtesy of Kate Antoske Photo By: Photo courtesy of Melissa Hruska Photo By: Photo courtesy of Kitty Vogt Photo By: Photo courtesy of Laura Fenton Photo By: Photo courtesy of Liz Marie Galvan Multipurpose Muffin Pan Vintage baking pans come with a pretty patina that makes them a favorite find at flea markets, though a pan dating back to the Mad Men era may be better suited for display rather than Sunday’s blueberry muffins.

Antique & Vintage turn screws, ratchet screw drivers, push drills, tool holder handles, etc. Antique tools and vintage ratchet spiral screwdrivers, flat turn screws, push drills, archimedean drills, tool holder handles, pocket screwdrivers, awl haft handles, are over years old.

Dom in his leg cast recovering at his Cotswolds home In the past ten years, I have skied down volcanoes, travelled the world, impersonated giant squirrels and spent more time with Gillian McKeith than is good for anybody’s health. But nothing has ever really impressed my children. Nothing, that is, until I was offered the chance to go on Total Wipeout. Competitors fly to Argentina, where the production company Endemol has built this huge, crazy series of assault courses.

You go up against nine other competitors and the fastest three get into the final. My children are obsessed with the show, and when they heard I had been asked to take part in a celebrity version, I really had very little choice but to say yes. This year the lovely Nicola McLean suffered some kind of breast-related whiplash injury and ended up in hospital, too.

OK, so you could say: What did I think was going to happen? The thing the show is most famous for is the big red balls. These are four huge red spheres that you have to attempt to bounce over in the qualifying round.

Fireplace Hearth Construction Basics

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Wood Screws. Wood Screws This was the earliest that wood screws were used. They were rarely greater than ½” long and had hand-cut threads and an off-centered slot cut on the face. The end of the screw was flat. Due to the shortness of these screws, they usually only appear as .

History does not record who it was, but the incredible results of that inspirational moment are all around us – in the houses we live in, the bridges we cross, the furniture we sit on. Nails have been around for a long time. As soon as man discovered that heating iron ore could form metal, the ideas for shaping it quickly followed. Any sizeable Roman fortress would have its ‘fabrica’ or workshop where the blacksmiths would fashion the metal items needed by the army.

They left behind 7 tons of nails at the fortress of Inchtuthil in Perthshire. For nail making, iron ore was heated with carbon to form a dense spongy mass of metal which was then fashioned into the shape of square rods and left to cool. The metal produced was wrought iron. After re-heating the rod in a forge, the blacksmith would cut off a nail length and hammer all four sides of the softened end to form a point.

Then the nail maker would insert the hot nail into a hole in a nail header or anvil and with four glancing blows of the hammer would form the rosehead a shallow pyramid shape.

Wood Screws

Robert Livingston Stevens is credited with the invention of the rail spike, [6] the first recorded use of which was in English mainline railways of that period used heavy and expensive cast iron chairs to secure T-shaped rails; instead, Stevens added a supporting base to the T rail which could be fixed with a simple spike. A rail spike is roughly chisel-shaped and with a flat edged point; the spike is driven with the edge perpendicular to the grain, which gives greater resistance to loosening.

When attaching tie plates the attachment is made as strong as possible, whereas when attaching a rail to tie or tie plate the spike is not normally required to provide a strong vertical force, allowing the rail some freedom of movement. Though this manual work has been largely replaced by hydraulic tools [12] and machines, commonly called “spikers” A machine that removes spikes is called a “spike puller”.

Chair screws are screwed into a hole bored in the sleeper.

There were s of planes (wood & iron), more than hand saws (inc. many rare Disstons) more chisels than we had ever had in one sale, tool boxes & chests, wood vises, axes, & every other class of tool .

The fireplace hearth is a central feature to any home, dating back to a time when family meals were prepared there. Nowadays, of course, it serves a different purpose, but it is no less important in terms of aesthetics. Fireplace hearths can be constructed from many different materials, each attractive in their own right. With a moderate amount of skill and work, you can retrofit your fireplace with a reconstructed hearth, augmenting your mantel in just a few steps.

Common materials are brick, stone or tile. Make your decision based on your tastes, but also on the interior design of the room and the look of the mantel. Frame or lay foundation If you will be using bricks, you will want a relatively flat type so they do not protrude too much from the floor. Use the framing lumber to frame in a space to lay the brick. The lumber need not be much wider than the bricks themselves. Most code regulations require that the hearth extend 16 inches out from the front of the fireplace and 10 inches out from either side, so factor this in when you build the frame.

Also consider the size of the brick. Unless you have the means to cut them, it is advisable that the size of hearth be such that the bricks fit perfectly without the need to cut. It too should extend 16 inches out and 10 inches to each side, and make sure you build to the exact size of the hearth, for it will lie permanently underneath.

Age of Bailey/Stanley planes

Here you see the Minimoog with its bottom cover removed the bottom cover is held on with eight wood screws. You can see the underside of the keyboard and the attached key-contact assembly. Four bolts hold the keyboard assembly to the Minimoog cabinet. Two of the bolts are shown in this photo. Before removing the keyboard assembly, unplug the two “Cinch Jones” connectors seen in this photo. They should be tied to a mount on the Minimoog frame.

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Types[ edit ] A mortise is a cavity cut into a timber to receive a tenon. There are several kinds of mortise: Stub mortise a shallow mortise, the depth of which depends on the size of the timber; also a mortise that does not go through the workpiece as opposed to a “through mortise”. Through mortise Wedged half- dovetail a mortise in which the back is wider, or taller, than the front, or opening.

The space for the wedge initially leaves room to insert the tenon. The wedge, after the tenon is engaged, prevents its withdrawal. Through-wedged half-dovetail a wedged half-dovetail mortise that passes entirely through the piece. A tenon is a projection on the end of a timber for insertion into a mortise. Usually the tenon is taller than it is wide. There are several kinds of tenon:

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